Friday, September 15, 2017 (All day)
Hindus in certain areas of India associate Diwali together with all the legend of Yama and Nachiketa on Kartika amavasya (Diwali night). The Nachiketa narrative about right versus wrong prosperity versus wealth, knowledge versus ignorance is listed in Katha Upanishad written in 1st century BC. The festival is cited in Sanskrit texts like the Padma Purana, the Skanda Purana both performed in 2nd half of 1st century AD but considered to have been enlarged by a text in an earlier age. The diyas (lamps) have been cited in Skanda Purana to symbolically reflect sections of sunlight, the cosmic giver of energy and light to all life, that seasonally transitions from the Hindu calendar month of Kartik. King Harsha at the 7th century Sanskrit drama Nagananda cites Deepavali as Deepapratipadutsava (Deepa = mild, pratipada = very first afternoon, utsava = festival), in which lamps were lit and recently engaged brides and grooms were awarded presents. Rajasekhara called Deepavali as Dipamalika in his 9th century Kavyamimamsa, wherein he cites the custom of houses being whitewashed and petroleum lamps decorating houses, markets and streets in the evening. Diwali or Deepavali is the Hindu festival of lights celebrated annually in autumn in the northern hemisphere (spring from southern hemisphere). (diwali greeting whatsapp)(Among the festivals of Hinduism, it suggests the victory of light over darkness, good over evil and hope over despair. Its party contains a huge number of lights beaming round temples and other buildings from the communities and countries, on windows doors and housetops. The festival trainings and trainings normally extend over a brief interval, but the primary festival night of Diwali coincides with the mysterious, fresh moon night of the Hindu Lunisolar month Kartika at Bikram Sambat calendar (the month of Aippasi at Tamil Calendar). Before Diwali night, individuals decorate their houses and offices, renovate, and wash. On Diwali night, folks dress up in new clothing or their very best outfit, light upward diyas (lamps and candles) inside and outside of their house, take part in household puja (prayers) normally to Lakshmi -- the goddess of fertility and prosperity. After puja, fireworks follow, then a household feast containing mithai (sweets), along with also an exchange of gifts between family members and intimate friends. Deepavali also marks a shopping period in nations.
In all respects, one common thread rings true--the festival marks the victory of goodness over bad. The next day is the principal day of the festival when families gather together for Lakshmi puja, a prayer to Goddess Lakshmi followed by mouth-watering feasts and firework festivities.
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On the second day, people decorate their houses with clay lamps and make design patterns known as rangoli on the ground with coloured powders or sand.
In northern India they observe the story of King Rama's return to Ayodhya after he defeated Ravana by light rows of clay lamps.
Southern India observes it as the day that Lord Krishna conquered the demon Narakasura.
In western India the festival marks the day that Lord Vishnu, the Preserver (one of the main gods of the Hindu trinity) delivered the demon King Bali to rule out the nether world.
The fourth day is the first day of the new year when relatives and friends visit with gifts and best wishes for this season.
On the last day of Diwali, brothers see their married sisters who welcome them with love and a lavish meal.
Hindus translate the Diwali story based upon where they reside: On the first day of Diwali, people consider it auspicious to spring clean the home and shop for kitchen or gold utensils.
The title of joyous times in addition to the principles of Diwali vary considerably among Hindus, depending on the area of India. In many regions of India, the festivities begin with Dhanteras (in both Northern and Western region of India), followed closely by Naraka Chaturdasi on next day, Deepavali about the next afternoon, Diwali Padva devoted to spouse--husband connection on the fourth afternoon, and festivities ending with Bhai Dooj devoted to sister--brother bond on the fifth day. Dhanteras falls after Dussehra.
On the Identical night which Hindus celebrate Diwali, Jains celebrate a festival also known as Diwali to indicate the attainment of moksha from Mahavira, Sikhs celebrate Bandi Chhor Divas to indicate the launch of Guru Hargobind by a Mughal Empire prison, also Newar Buddhists, unlike the Vast Majority of all Buddhists, celebrate Diwali by worshipping Lakshmi.